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Teaching Style Categories

Formal Authority Demonstrator
Facilitator Delegator

Formal Authority

Teachers who have a formal authority teaching style tend to focus on content. This style is generally teacher-centred, where the teacher feels responsible for providing and controlling the flow of the content and the student is expected to receive the content.

One type of statement made by an instructor with this teaching style is "I am the flashlight for my students, I illuminate the content and materials so that my students can see the importance of the material and appreciate the discipline."

Teachers with this teaching style are not as concerned with building relationships with their students nor is it as important that their students form relationships with other students. This type of teacher doesn't usually require much student participation in class. "Sage on the stage" model.

Click on the following link for more information about Instructional Design as it relates to the Formal Authority.

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Demonstrator or Personal Model

Teachers who have a demonstrator or personal model teaching style tend to run teacher-centred classes with an emphasis on demonstration and modeling. This type of teacher acts as a role model by demonstrating skills and processes and then as a coach/guide in helping students develop and apply these skills and knowledge.

A teacher with this type of teaching style might comment: "I show my students how to properly do a task or work through a problem and then I'll help them master the task or problem solution. It's important that my students can independently solve similar problems by using and adapting demonstrated methods."

Instructors with this teaching style are interested in encouraging student participation and adapting their presentation to include various learning styles. Students are expected to take some responsibility for learning what they need to know and for asking for help when they don't understand something.

Click on the following link for more information about Instructional Design as it relates to the Demonstrator or Personal Model teaching style.

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Teachers who have a facilitator model teaching style tend to focus on activities. This teaching style emphasizes student-centered learning and there is much more responsibility placed on the students to take the initiative for meeting the demands of various learning tasks.

This type of teaching style works best for students who are comfortable with independent learning and who can actively participate and collaborate with other students.

Teachers typically design group activities which necessitate active learning, student-to-student collaboration and problem solving. This type of teacher will often try to design learning situations and activities that require student processing and application of course content in creative and original ways.

Click on the following link for more information about Instructional Design as it relates to the Facilitator teaching style.

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Teachers who have a delegator teaching style tend to place much control and responsibility for learning on individuals or groups of students.

This type of teacher will often give students a choice designing and implementing their own complex learning projects and will act in a consultative role.

Students are often asked to work independently or in groups and must be able to maintain motivation and focus for complex projects. Students working in this type of setting learn more than just course specific topics as they also must be able to effectively work in group situations and manage various interpersonal roles.

Click on the following link for more information about Instructional Design as it relates to the Delegator teaching style.

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Interested in seeing how the four categories compare when designing a lesson about how to make a webpage?

Take a look at the "Four Corner" web page from Indiana State University.

To get an indication of your main teaching style, take our teaching styles quiz.

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Jennifer Stein steinjm@home.com.
Linda Steeves lsteeves@mail.sd74.bc.ca
Christine Smith-Mitsuhashi christine.smith-mitsuhashi@ubc.ca
Last updated April 13, 2001. ©
All Rights Reserved 2001