with Denzel Washington
at the 2000 Golden Globe Awards
man is love," Denzel tells the cheering audience
is an affront to treat falsehood with complacence."
says the police framed him for murder after he gave an interview for
the Saturday Evening Post in 1964. Read
excerpts from the article.
2004: Carter quits AIDWYC.
The Directors of the Association in Defense of the Wrongfully Convicted
join the long list of former friends he has publicly trashed.
About the movie ]
[ About the books ]
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[ The two trials ]
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Hurricane Carter was "wrongfully convicted of
a crime he didn't commit," and he's been "exonerated."
and his co-accused, John Artis, have never been found "not
guilty" of the Lafayette Grill Murders. They were twice convicted,
and twice the convictions were set aside on the grounds that they
didn't get a fair trial. The State of New Jersey decided not to
re-try them a third time because so much time had passed, and withdrew
the indictments against them.
was framed because he "was well-known for his incendiary voice
in the civil rights movement."
how many journalists have repeated Carter's claim that he was "well
known for his views on black self-defense," or "known
to the Paterson police for his civil rights activities," or
that "he held a reputation as a black militant in racially
tense Paterson," when there is zero evidence that Hurricane
Carter was an activist, or that he even lifted a finger for the
civil rights movement. This bogus claim is central to Carter's accusation
that he was framed by the police, but it's gone unchecked and unchallenged
for thirty years.
Carter was framed by racist, corrupt police and prosecutors.
"His temperament, his background, and the color of his skin made
him the perfect scapegoat."
This claim is
frequently made, but is not proven. Carter and his defenders present
a one-sided view of events and haven't told you about the evidence
against Carter and Artis. This website, on the other hand, demonstrates
that the evidence Carter provides to "prove" he
was harassed and framed, is bogus. He changes dates and makes false
and misleading statements but his paranoid version of events has
been taken at face value. The movie The Hurricane shows
Carter being railroaded by one racist cop -- this is pure Hollywood
hokum. The Canadians did not "uncover... evidence that he had
been framed by corrupt officials," and neither did anyone else.
case against Carter was thick with racism and thin on evidence."
Carter and Artis were railroaded by an all-white jury.
During the jury
selection phase of the first trial, the prosecution and the defense
examined a staggering 377 jurors. The defense used up all
of their challenges (exercising the right to refuse someone for
jury duty.). The prosecution only used eight of their challenges.
The first jury included one black man, although his name was
not drawn for the final deliberations. "All-white" doesn't
necessarily mean "all-racist." The second jury, drawn
from a jury pool of 250, included two blacks. The defense gave all
the potential jurors a list of over 40 questions to test them on
their racial attitudes. Anyone who expressed prejudice during the
jury selection process was instantly excluded from the jury by the
judge. Even so, Carter and Artis were still re-convicted.
Carter and Artis passed lie detector
In his book,
The Sixteenth Round, Carter quotes Sgt. McGuire (the officer
who gave the tests), as saying, "Both of them are clean. They
had nothing to do with the crime." In the book Hurricane,
by James Hirsch, McGuire is quoted as saying, "he didn't
participate in these crimes, but he may know who was involved."
The actual report states, "This subject was attempting deception
to all the pertinent questions. And was involved in this crime."
Bob Dylan song explains, Carter and Artis were
convicted on the word of Bello and Bradley, who were thieves and liars.
And the surviving shooting victim, the one with "one dyin' eye,"
said "[Carter] ain't the guy."
Al Bello, the
eyewitness who says he saw Carter and Artis fleeing the scene of
the crime, was indeed a lookout man for a burglary. But his eyewitness
testimony helped police track down Carter's car minutes after the
crime. There was other evidence linking Carter to the crime. Even
Carter and Artis's lawyers admitted there was a "mountain of
incriminating evidence" against them. At trial, Willie Marins,
the surviving shooting victim in the Dylan song, said he did not know if Carter
and Artis were the killers.
Carter and Artis had "rock
solid" alibis for the time of the murders.
got several -- take your pick. When Carter and Artis were first
questioned, they gave conflicting versions of their activities that
night. When Carter wrote his autobiography, The Sixteenth Round,
he gave another version. James S. Hirsch reports a different alibi
for Carter in the book Hurricane. At the second trial, four
of Carter's alibi witnesses from the first trial testified that
Carter asked them to lie.
Carter was stopped by the police only because
he was DWB -- Driving While Black.
that when Sgt. Capter stopped him, Capter said, "Awww, shit.
Hurricane, I didn't know it was you" (as shown in the movie).
This is false. Sgt. Capter and his partner were looking specifically
for Carter and his car because it matched the description of the
getaway car given by two eyewitnesses. But Bob Dylan and Hollywood
fell for Carter's version.
John Artis was about to go to college on an athletic
when he was arrested for the murders.
As the 1987
prosecutor's brief states: "John Artis had been out of high
school for two years at the time of the murders in June 1966. He
was not arrested until October 1966 and he had not begun college
at that point. There was no evidence that he ever had submitted
any papers towards college enrollment. There was no evidence to
show that, at the time of the murders, John Artis had a college
scholarship..." In fact, John Artis had been drafted into the
Army. This is not pertinent to the murders, but just like Myth
#10, it's something the defense keeps insisting upon.
Carter was "at the peak" of his career, "slated to
contend" or "about to challenge" for the world middleweight
boxing title when he was arrested.
have been hoping to re-challenge for the championship, but his career
was on a downhill slide. Then-world champion, Dick Tiger, beat him
like a gong the year before the murders. After that, Carter had
nine more boxing matches and he lost five of them.
Visit the Lafayette
Library for a complete site index
be sure to visit the Rogue's Gallery: a collection
of links to stories of phonies, rogues, and academic hoaxes.
this website is written by Lona Manning with
the help of the Hurricane Research team, including Cal Deal, whose site:
the Other Side of the Story
is a wealth of information about the Lafayette Grill murders.