Age-uke: Rising block.
Age-zuki: Rising punch. Fist arcs up- ward.
Ate: To hit or to smash
Bunkai: “Analysis” Detailed study of techniques and kata applications.
Chikama: (chika-ma): "Too short."
Choku-zuki: Straight or direct punch.
Closed stance: Opponents have the same leg forward (e.g. right.)
Deashi-barai: Foot sweep.
Dojo: "Way place." Training hall.
Dozo: Please. Used when offering something.
Empi-uchi: Elbow strike.
Fumi-komi: Stamping kick.
Gedan-barai: Low sweep.
Go-hon kumite: An assault of five attacks, usually with five paces, last attack countered.
Go-no-sen: Re-taking the initiative in kumite. (See page J-6.)
Gyaku-zuki: Reverse punch. Punch with the hand opposite to the forward foot.
Hachiji~dachi: Figure-eight stance. May be either soto- or
Haishu-uke: Backhand block.
Hanmi: Half-front facing.
Heiko-dachi: Parallel stance. Open leg stance with heels hip width apart and toes pointing forward.
Heiko-zuki: Parallel punch. Both fists punch together, arms shoulder width apart horizontally.
Heisoku~dachi: Closed or blocked foot stance, toes and heels together.
Heito-uchi: Back sword strike. Thumb side of hand used to strike.
Hikiashi: Drawing front foot back.
Hikite: Pulling hand.
Hiraken-uchi: Flat fist strike. The fingers are bent at the first knuckles only.
Hittsui: Knee hammer (see also "hiza-geri.") A smash with the knee.
Hiza-geri: Knee kick, A smash with the knee.
Hiza tate ashi dachi: Kneeling stance. On one knee. (May be found in the Rohai-dai
Ippon..;dachi: One 1eg stance (see "mae-tsuru- and
Ippon-ken-zuki: One knuckle punch. The middle joint of the index finger is allowed to protrude.
Ippon-kumite: One-point, pre-arranged sparring.
Jodan-age-uke: Upper rising block.
Jodan-ushiro-empi: High, backward elbow strike.
Jodan-ushiro-zuki: A high, backward punch over opposite shoulder.
Jitsu: Hard. As in the concept kyol jitsu.
Jiyu-ippon-kumite: Semi-free, one-point, pre-arranged sparring.
Jiyu-kumite: Free sparring.
Joseki: Upper side of dojo. (See page A-4.)
Juji-uke: Figure ten block. Alternate name for "kosa-uke:' (Usually open handed.)
Kaeshi: Reverse direction.
Kagi-zuki: Hook punch.
Kake-ashi-dachi: Hooked stance. This stance is a form of
Kakiwake-uke: Wedge block. A block with both hands which drive apart.
Kakuto-uchi: Bent wrist strike.
Kamiza: Upper seat of dojo. (See page A-4.)
Keage: Snap kick. (Keri-age- "snap kick.") The word "kick" (keri) is understood;
Kekomi: Thrust kick. (Keri-komi- "kick"in.") The word .'kick" (keri) is understood;
Kensei: Fake movement.
Kihon: Basic, fundamental.
Kihon-dosa: Basic movement.
Kime: Focus. To concentrate one’s energies into an ate, uchi, uke, tsuki or
Kizami-zuki: Jab. A punch with the forward hand which snaps back immediately.
Koho-kaiten: Backwards roll.
Kokyu-ho: Method of breathing.
Kosa-ashi: Crossing foot motion.
Kosa-dachi: Cross ("X") stance.
Kosa-uke: Cross ("X") block.
Ko-uchi-mawashi-geri: Small inner round kick.
Kudasai: Please. Used when requesting something.
Kumite: "Meeting of the hands"; sparring.
Kyo: Soft. As in the concept kyo, jitsu.
Kyu: A suffix meaning level. This applies to ranks below shodan.
Ma: Distance. (Ma-ai.)
Ma-toma: Intermediary distance. (See page J-10.)
Mae-ashi-geri: Front 1eg kick.
Mae-empi-uchi: Front elbow strike.
Mae-geri: Front kick.
Mae-keage: Front snap kick.
Mae-kekomi: Front thrust kick.
Mae-te-zuki: Forward punch, same side as the forward foot. May follow a step…step is not used to add power.
Mae-tobi-geri: Forward jump kick.
Mae-tsuru-ashi-dachi: A form of crane stance.
Mae-ukemi: Forward flat fan.
Mawari-ushiro-geri: Back round kick. A.back kick linked with "a turn.
Mawashi-empi: Rotating elbow strike. (Your fist is placed on your sternum.)
Mawashi-geri: Round kick. May be soto-, ura-, uchi-. (Usually refers to
Mawate: Command to turn.
Mikazuki-geri: "Three-day moon kick." May be soto- or uchi-. (Usually refers to
Morote: Augment. Both hands are used simultaneously.
Morote-uke: Both hands block. Both hands are used separately or one reinforcing the other.
Mudansha: General term referring to ranks below shodan. 1-6
Mushin: To think of nothing; a state of mental consciousness.
Musubi-dachi: Open toe stance. Heels together, toes apart 45 degrees.
Ni: (A) In the direction of ... (B) The number two.
Nakataka-ippon-ken-zuki: Middle finger one-knuckle punch.
Nami-ashi-uke: Inside foot snapping kick block. (Nami-ashi- "wave returning:') An inward kick with the sole.
Naoshite: Too fix or adjust.
Neko-ashi-dachi: Cat leg stance.
Nidan-geri: Two level kick. A jump kick where one foot kicks and then the other; e.g. to stomach and head.
Nukite: Piercing hand (spear hand.) A strike using the tips of the fingers.
Oi-zuki: Pursuit punch. A punch linked with a forward lunge step. The lunge adds power to punch.
Okutsu-dachi: Deep, forward rotated stance (found in
Bassai, Sanshi- ryu.)
Open stance: Opponents have the opposite leg forward; i.e. right! left.
Osae-uke: Pressing block.
Oshi-zuki: Pushing punch, setting him up for another blow. Found in the
Otagai: Each other.
Otoshi-empi: Dropping elbow strike.
Otoshi-geri: Dropping kick in which gravity alone is used to create the force of the kick.
O-uchi-mawashi-geri: Large inner round kick.
Ren-zuki: Alternate punching. Punching with one hand then the other continuously.
Renzoku-waza: Continuous or combination techniques.
Ryote: Both hands used simultaneously. (See
Ryote-ushiro-empi: Double backward elbow strike in which both fists draw back to the hip.
San-bon-kumite: An assault of three attacks, usually with three paces, only the last attack countered.
San-ren-zuki: Three alternate punches.
Sayu-zuki: A two-handed punch, fists are 180 degrees to each other.
Seiken: Regular fist.
Seiretsu: Line up straight.
Seisan-dachi: Forward stance. Weight distribution 60% -40%.
Seiza: Formal seated position.
Sen: Taking the initiative. (See page J-6.)
Sen-no-sen: An initiative taken against an initiative. (See page J-7.)
Sempai: Senior student.
Shiko-ashi-dachi: Four thigh stance; square stance.
Shiko-zuki: A punch to the side while in shiko- ashi-dachi.
Shimo-seki: Lower side of dojo. (See page A-4.)
Shimoza: Lower seat ofdojo. (See page A-4.)
Shizen-tai: (See "soto-hachiji-dachi:')
Showa: "Enlightened peace:' Statement of attitude recited at the end of class.
Shuto-uchi: Hand sword strike.
Shuto-uke: Hand sword block.
Soke: Founding family.
Soremade: Stop everything.
Soto: Outer (from inside to outside.)
Soto-hachiji-dachi: (See "shizen-tai:') Outer figure eight stance.
Soto-mawashi-geri: Outward round kick (from inside outward.)
Soto-uke: Outside block. .Block moves from inside to outside.
Sukui-uke: Scooping block.
Suri-ashi: Sliding foot motion.(Stance lengthens, then shortens.)
Tate-empi: Rising elbow strike, with the palm of the fist towards the ear.
Tate-zuki: Upright or vertical (fist) punch.
Teisho-uchl: Heel of palm strike.
Teisho-uke: Heel of palm block.
Te-hodoki-no-waza: Wrist escape techniques.
Tekubi-kake-uke: Wrist hooked "block.
Kensui-uchi: Iron hammer strike. A strike using the little finger side of the fist.
Tobi-geri: Jump kick.
Toma (to-ma): 'Too far:' (See page J-10.)
Tsuru-ashi-dachi: Crane stance;' a one-legged stance.
Tsukami-uke: Grasping block; a block with a grip.
Tsuki: Closed hand thrust (punch.)
Uchi: (A) To stike. (B) Inner. (From outside to inside.)
Uchi-hachiji-dachi: Inner figure eight stance. Toes pointing in at 45 degrees.
Uchi-mawashi-geri: Inward round kick (from outside, inward.)
Uchi-mikazuki-geri: “Three-day moon kick" or crescent kick using inner edge of foot.
Uchi-mikazuki-geri-uke: Three-day moon kick block. Crescent kick block using the sole of the foot.
Uchi-uke: Inside block. Block moves from outside to inside.
Uke: (A) Block. (B) Defender.
Ukemi: Breakfalls as a means of protecting the body from injury due to sweeps and the like.
Uraken-uchi: Backfist strike.
Uraken-uke: Backfist block.
Ura-mawashi-geri: Round kick outward with the heel as striking surface.
Ura-tettsui-uchi: Back of iron hammer strike, using the thumb side of the fist.
Ura~zuki: Close punch. Straight punch with fist slightly upward, wrist turned with the palm up.
Ushiro-empi-uchi: Back elbow strike.
Ushiro-geri: Back kick. A kick straight back with heel.
Ushiro-tobi-geri: Back jump kick.
Ushiro-mawari-tobi-geri: Spinning back jump kick.
Ushiro-ukemi: Back flat fall.
Yama-zuki: Two handed “U” punch; Bottom hand blocks, upper strikes.
Yoko-empi-uchi: Side elbow strike in which the point of the elbow is used to strike.
Yoko-geri: Side kick.
Yoko-keage: Side snap kick.
Yoko-kekomi: Side thrust kick.
Yoko-tobi-geri: Side jump kick.
Yoko-ukemi: Side flat fall.
Yori-ashi: Skip step motion. (Stance shortens, then lengthens. Also called
Yudansha: General term for the rank of shodan and above.
Yumi-zuki: Bow-and-arrow punch. A punch to the side while in shiko- ashi-dachi. (See "shiko-zuki:')
Zanshin: A mental attitude of being absolutely attentive.
Zenpo-kaiten: Forward roll. A. feet face direction of roll. B. feet face reverse direction of roll. C. Fall flat.
Zuki: Punch. Form of “tsuki” - used at the end of a compound word.